A SOLDIER OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR IS
BY FAMILY MEMBERS IN NEW PLYMOUTH AND AUSTRALIA, EXACTLY 100
YEARS AFTER HE IS KILLED
Ralph Doughty was only 26 years old when he died on July 25 1917 – two days
after he was hit by shrapnel during the battle of Passchendaele. He was buried
at Coxyde Military Cemetery in Belgium.
Cross winner, of Stratford, kept diaries throughout his was service and these
are now treasured by his great-great nephew, Peter Kivell, of New Plymouth.
the centenary of Doughty’s death, Peter Kivell plans to visit his remembrance
stone in Stratford Cemetery, where Doughty’s parents were laid to rest and
“I will be
with my parents, and remembering Ralph’s service, Kivell said, ‘he will be
some 40 relations from another branch of the family will gather for a memorial
service in Standown Park, near Tin Can bay,
has been organised by Wendy Braniff, Kivell’s distant
cousin, and will be attended by relatives from parts of Australia and New
“I am blown
away by the response,” she said. “It would seem people do want to remember this
man and pay tribute to him”.
She has also
received a letter from the New Zealand High Commissioner, Chris Seed,
which praises both Doughty and the family that honours him.
military record alone – from his enlistment in August 1914 at the very outbreak
of the Great War until his death at Passchendaele 100 years ago this week –
speaks to his courage and his commitment to country, family and mates,” write
Seed in the letter, which will be read out during the gathering.
in the aftermath of a gas shell barrage that had caused up to 2,000 casualties.
Lieutenant Ken Kingsmill, of Australia, were heading to a command post in the
Belgium town of Nieuport to seek instruction in the wake of an assault.
wrote in his diary: “About 3.30am, when things
slackened a little, I went over to the control pit to see if any news had been
received as to what was going on and, as I can around one side, Lieutenant Doughty
came round the other and we met at the entrance to the pit.
“He put his
hand behind me and said ‘Go on, and hope in Kingie’, which I did. He fell in
moment, one of the 12th Brigade guns just behind them had fires prematurely and
sent a splinter into Doughty’s back and out his stomach.
“We got a
stretcher, cut sown the gas curtain, and sent him off to the dressing station.
He was a fine man and a well-liked officer.”
Kingsmill, Doughty kept diaries which have been passed down the family. “As
soon as there was a battle or something he’d write it down straight-away,” said
Kivell. “The shell count. How many shells he fired and what type they were. He
came ashore at Gallipoli under fire – and wrote that is straight away. He got
quite upset when he got sent back to the ship because he wanted to go with the
In all, more
that 120,000 New Zealanders enlisted – a tenth of the country’s 1.1 million
population – and 18,000 died. A further 41,000 were wounded.
images of horror usually associated with the war, Doughty appears to have taken
the experience in his stride, earning the Military cross in 1917 for, “bringing
artillery fire on the enemy at a critical time”.
He had gone
from sleepy, rural Stratford to Australia to seek better prospects, eventually
joining the Australian Field Artillery Brigade as a bombardier.
out on July 1914 and the following month he joined the Australian Field
Artillery Brigade. In places his diaries read like a grand adventure that took
him to Egypt, Gallipoli, England, France and Belgium. At Gallipoli, on November
25, 1915, he wrote: “Bitterly cold again last night. Got back some unearthly
hour this morning but saw noting of our Howitzers. Last night 5 Turks managed
to get through our lines, but were met in
by some of the lads. The Turks, not the ‘lads’, went west.
And while on
the Western Front on March 4, 1917, he noted: “Managed to get my hair cut today.
Not before I wanted it either. Still cold, but fine. Very heavy shelling on the
right early this morning.
funny thing happened with a patrol of ours consisting of 4 men. They were out
in NML (no man’s land) and got caught by a Hun Patrol
of 40 who took them prisoners anyhow both parties got lost in the mist, finally
they all walked into our own lines, and we bagged 40 Huns without a casualty.”
he grew up with Doughty’s first diary, which had been given to his father,
Tony. “When Tony’s father passed away there were another set of diaries that
were locked away that he didn’t know about, (this being diary two, three, and
five, diary four was missing from the set and only discovered in mid 1985).”
Jane Webster, transcribed the entries and Kivell put them online.
of Doughty’s death only came to light when Ken Kingsmill’s son, Donald, saw the website thekivellfamily.co.nz and got in touch to share his father’s
journals, which told of Doughty’s fatal injury. According to the entries, there
had been hope Doughty might survive. “Had news that Doughty was doing well,”
Kingsmill wrote later that day after catching a couple of hour’s sleep.
But on July
25, a rainy and dull day, Kingsmill “got word that Doughty had died at the 15th
Corps Dressing Station”.
he had been fascinated to learn how his relation had died and how Lieutenant
Kingsmill had visited Doughty’s grave a couple of weeks after his funeral.
Donald Kingsmill also paid a visit to Doughty’s last resting place in Coxyde
Military Cemetery. Said Kivell: “Donald Kingsmill knows that without Ralph
mentioning those five words , “Go on hop in Kingie”, he and his family would
not be here today.”